Reliance on Property Taxes in Europe

A recent report outlines to what extent OECD countries rely on various tax revenue sources. Today’s map looks at property tax revenue in European OECD countries, which, compared to other types of taxes, accounts for a relatively small share of total tax revenue. In 2018, property taxes accounted on average for only 4.6 percent of tax revenue in the 27 European OECD countries.

Property taxes are levied on the assets of an individual or business. There are different types of property taxes, with recurrent taxes on immovable property (such as property taxes on land and buildings) the only one levied by all countries covered. Other types of property taxes include estate, inheritance, and gift taxes, net wealth taxes, and taxes on financial and capital transactions.

The United Kingdom relied the most on property taxes in 2018, at 12.3 percent of total tax revenue. Luxembourg and France were next, at 9.8 percent and 8.9 percent, respectively.

Estonia had the lowest reliance on property taxes, at only 0.7 percent of total tax revenue, followed by Lithuania at 1.0 percent and Slovakia at 1.2 percent.

Note: This is part of a map series in which we examine tax revenue sources in Europe.

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